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农业农村部有机肥使用指导意见-柑橘类

作者: 施瑞德 时间: 2019-09-28 阅读量:

  xiamianshiganjuleiyoujifeitidaihuafeidejishuyijian:

  (1)“youjifei+fuhefeihuoyuansushuirongfei”moshi。

  1.qiudongjishifei

  目标产量为每亩2000―3000kg的柑橘园,每亩施用商品有机肥、有机水溶肥(含生物有机肥)300―500kg,或牛粪、羊粪、猪粪等经过充分腐熟的农家肥2―4方,或豆粕、豆饼类腐熟有机肥300―400kg;同时配合施用45%(16-14-15或相近配方)复合肥或元素水溶肥欧博体育30―35kg。赣南—湘南—桂北柑橘带和浙—闽—粤柑橘带注意补充镁、钙肥,每亩施用硅钙镁肥或者钙镁磷肥30―50kg左右(或者施用硫酸镁30kg左右);长江上游柑橘带注意补充锌和硼肥,每亩施用硫酸锌2kg左右、硼砂1kg左右。

  wanshuhuoyuedongpinzhongqiujifeizaiguoshizhuanseqihuotaodaiqianhoushiyong,yibanshi9yue;zaoshupinzhongzaicaishouhoushiyong,zhongshupinzhongzaicaishouqianhoushiyong,yibanzai11yuexiaxunzhiqianshiyong。caiyongtiaogouhuoxueshi,shifeishendu20-30cmhuojieheshengengshiyong。

欧博体育   2.chunjishifei

欧博体育   zaozhongshupinzhong2yuexiaxunzhi3yueshangxunshiyong;3-4yueshouhuodewanshupinzhong,jianyizai3yuedizhiqianshiyong,yuezaoyuehao;queyincaishouqianshifeicaozuokunnan,zaicaishouhoumashangshichunfei、yuekuaiyuehao。xuanyong45%(20-13-12huoxiangjinpeifang)degaodanzhonglinzhongjiaxingfuhefeihuoyuansushuirongfei,meimuyongliang35-40kg;peihe200-300kg/muyouzhiyoujifeishiyong,huafeijianliang10%-15%;qiujiyoujifeishiyongbuzudeguoyuanyingzaichunjibushi。shifeifangfacaiyongtiaogou、xueshi,shifeishendu10-20 cm。zhuyibuchongpengfeihexinfei。

  3.xiajishifei

欧博体育   zai6zhi8yueguoshipengdaqifencishiyong。xuanze45%(18-5-22huoxiangjinpeifang)fuhefeihuoyuansushuirongfei,meimushiyongliang40-50kg。shifeifangfacaiyongtiaogou、xueshihuoduishuijiaoshi,shifeishenduzai10-20cm。quegaideguoyuan,zaiyouguoqipen2-3ci0.3%degaifei;quemeiguoyuan,zaiyouguoqimeimushiyongliusuanmei20-30kg。

柑橘使用有机水溶肥

欧博体育   (er)“lvfei+ziranshengcao”moshi。

欧博体育   1.ganjuyuanshengcaozaipei

欧博体育   qiujizaiganjuyuanbozhongtiaozi、shanlidou、jianguawandoudengdoukelvfei,meimubozhongliang2―4kg,yu9yuezhi10shangxunzaijiangyuhouturangshirundeqingkuangxiajunyunsaboyuxingjian(yibanzaijulishuji0.5myiwaisabo),yuyinianchuntian3―4yueyigefanyahuozhefugaizuoweifeiliao,huozheranglvfeizirankuweifugaiyuganjuyuan。5zhi8yuejuyuanziranshengcao,dangcaoshengzhangdao40cmzuoyouhuojijiexingganhanlailinqianshishiyigehoufugaizaixingjianheshupan,qidaobaoshui、jiangwen、gaitupeifeidengzuoyong。

  2.chunjishifei

欧博体育   3yuezailvfeifanyadetongshipeiheshiyongfuhefeihuoyuansushuirongfei。xuanyonggaodanzhonglinzhongjiaxingfuhefeihuoyuansushuirongfei45%(20-13-12huoxiangjinpeifang),meimuyongliang30kgzuoyou;shifeifangfacaiyongtiaogou、xueshi,shifeishendu10―20 cm。zhuyibuchongpengfeihexinfei。

欧博体育   3.xiajishifei

欧博体育   tongchangzai6zhi8yueguoshipengdaqifencishiyong。xuanze45%(18-5-22huoxiangjinpeifang)fuhefeihuoyuansushuirongfei,meimuyongliang40―50kg。shifeifangfacaiyongtiaogou、xueshihuoduishuijiaoshi,shifeishenduzai10―20cm。quegaideguoyuan,zaiyouguoqipen2―3ci0.3%degaifei;quemeiguoyuan,zaiyouguoqimeimushiyongliusuanmei20―30kg。

  4.qiudongjishifei

  于9月下旬至11月下旬施用,选择45%(14-16-15或相近配方)复合肥或元素水溶肥,每亩用量30―35kg。种植绿肥鲜草达到2000kg以上的柑橘园,可以不施用其他有机肥。绿肥产量较小的柑橘园适量施用有机肥,每亩施用商品有机肥、有机水溶肥(含生物有机肥)200―300kg,或牛粪、羊粪、猪粪等经过充分腐熟的农家肥1―2方。采用条沟或穴施,施肥深度在20―30cm,或结合深耕施用。

  (san)“guo—zhao—chu”mo。

  1.zhaozhazhaoyefajiao

欧博体育   genjuzhaoqifajiaojishuyaoqiu,jiangchuqinfenbianguijiyuzhaoqifajiaochizhong,jinxingfushuhewuhaihuachuli,houjingganshifenli,fenzhaozhahezhaoyeshiyong。zhaoyecaiyongjixiehuahuobanjixiehuaguangaijishuzhijieruyuanshiyong,zhaozhayuqiudongjizuojifeishiyong。

  2.chunjishifei

欧博体育   2yuexiaxunzhi3yuexiaxunshiyong。xuanyong45%(20-13-12huoxiangjinpeifang)gaodanzhonglinzhongjiaxingfuhefeihuoyuansushuirongfei,meimushiyong30-40kg;caiyongtiaogoufashiyong,shifeishenduzai15―20cm,tongshijieheguangaizhuiruzhaoye30―40fang。

  3.xiajishifei

  zai6―8yueguoshipengdaqifencishiyong。xuanze45%(18-5-22huoxiangjinpeifang)fuhefeihuoyuansushuirongfei,meimuyongliang35―45kg。shifeifangfacaiyongtiaogoushiyong,tongshijieheguangaizhuiruzhaoye20―30fang。

  4.qiudongjishifei

  meimushiyongzhaozha3000―5000kg。tongshipeiheshiyong45%(14-16-15huoxiangjinpeifang)fuhefeihuoyuansushuirongfei30―35kg。yu9yuexiaxundao11yuexiaxunshiyong,caiyongtiaogouhuohuangoufashifei,shifeishenduzai20―30cm。zhaozhashirugouzhong,zaisarufuhefeihuoyuansushuirongfei,hunyunhoufutu。

  (si)“youjifei+shuifeiyitihua”moshi。

  1.qiudongjishifei

  meimushiyongshangpinyoujifei、youjishuirongfei(hanshengwuyoujifei)300―500kg,huoniufen、yangfen、zhufendengjingguochongfenfushudenongjiafei2―4fang;yu9yuexiaxundao11yuexiaxunshiyong,caiyongtiaogouhuoxueshi,shifeishendu20―30cmhuojieheshengengshiyong。

  2.shuifeiyitihua

  shengguoqiganjuyuan,feiliaogongyingliangzhuyaoyijumubiaochanliangheturangfeilierding,shuifeiyitihuatongguotigaofeiliaoliyonglvbichangguishifeituijianjieyuefeiliao,mubiaochanliangweimeimu2000―3000kgdeganjuyuan,meimudanlinjiafeixuqiuliangfenbieyuewei15―18 kg、7―9 kghe12―15kg。guangaishifeigeshiqidan、lin、jiafeishiyongbiliruxiabiao。

柑橘使用有机水溶肥

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