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农业农村部有机肥使用指导意见-苹果类

作者: 施瑞德水溶肥 时间: 2019-09-28 阅读量:

  chuleshucaiwai,nongyenongcunbuzhenduipingguo、ganju、chashudengzuowu,yetuijianlexiangguandeyoujifeishifeimoshi,yiqilejieyixiaba!

  yi、pingguo

  (1)“有机肥+配方肥”模式。

  1.jifei

  jifeishiyongzuishiyideshijianshi9yuezhongxundao10yuezhongxun,duiyu“hongfushi”dengwanshupinzhong,kezaicaishouhoumashangjinxing、yuezaoyuehao。 jifeishifeileixingbaokuoyoujifei、youjishuirongxingfeiliao、turanggailiangji、zhongliangyuansufei、weiliangyuansufeihefuhefeideng。

欧博体育   youjifeideleixingjiyongliangwei: nongjiafei(fushudeyangfen、niufendeng)2000kg(yue6fang)/mu,huoyouzhishengwufei500kg/mu,huobingfei200kg/mu,huofuzhisuan100kg/mu,huohuangfusuan100kg/mu。turanggailiangjihezhongliangyuansufei、weiliangyuansufeijianyiguigaimeijiafei50-100kg/mu、pengfei1kg/muzuoyou、xinfei2kg/muzuoyou。

  复合肥建议采用高氮高磷中钾型复合肥或水溶性肥料欧博体育,但在腐烂病发病重和黄土高原区域可采用平衡型如15-15-15(或类似配方),用量50-75kg/亩。

  jifeishiyongfangfaweigoushihuoxueshi。goushishigoukuan30cmzuoyou、zhangdu50-100cm、shen40cmzuoyou,fenweihuanzhuanggou、fangshezhuanggouyijizhu(xing)jiantiaogou。xueshishigenjushuguandaxiao,meizhushu4-6gexue,xuedezhijingheshenduwei30-40cm。meinianjiaohuanweizhiwaxue,xuedeyouxiaoqiwei3nian。shiyongshiyaojiangyoujifeidengyutuchongfenhunyun。

  2.zhuifei

  zhuifeijianyi3-4ci,diyicizai3yuezhongxun-4yuezhongxunjianyishiyicixiaosuanangai(huo25-5-15xiaojifuhefei),shifeiliang30-45kg/mu;diercizai6yuezhongxunjianyishiyicipinghengxingfuhefei(15-15-15huoleisipeifang),shifeiliang30-45kg/mu;disancizai7yuezhongxundao8yuezhongxun,shifeileixingyigaojia(qiandihougao)peifangweizhu(ruqianqi16-6-26,houqi10-5-30,huoleisipeifang),shifeiliang25-30kg/mu,peifangheyongliangyaogenjuguoshidaxiaolinghuozhangwo,ruguogetougouda(ruhongfushizai7yuechudadao65-70、8yuechudadao70-75)zeyaojianshaodansubiliheyongliang,fouzekeshidangzengjia。

苹果使用有机水溶肥

  (2)“果-沼-畜”模式。

  1.zhaozhazhaoyefajiao

  genjuzhaoqifajiaojishuyaoqiu,jiangchuqinfenbian、jiegan、guoyuanluoye、fensuizhitiaodengwuliaotouruzhaoqifajiaochizhong,an1:10debilijiashuixishi,zaijiarufuheweishengwujunji,duiqijinxingfushuhewuhaihuachuli,chongfenfajiaohoujingganshifenli,fenzhaozhahezhaoyezhijieshiyong。

  2.jifei

  zhaozhameimushiyong3000―5000kg、zhaoye50―100fang;pingguozhuanyongpeifangfeixuanyongpinghengxing(15-15-15huoleisipeifang)fuhefeihuoshuirongxingfeiliao,yongliang50―75kg/mu;lingwaimeimushiruguigaimeijiafei50kgzuoyou、pengfei1kgzuoyou、xinfei2kgzuoyou。qiushijifeizuishishijianzai9yuezhongxundao10yuezhongxun,duiyuwanshupinzhongrufushi,jianyizaicaishouhoumashangshifei、yuezaoyuehao。caiyongtiaogou(huohuangou)fashifei,shifeishenduzai30―40cm,xianjiangpeifangfeisarugouzhong,ranhoujiangzhaozhashiru,zhaoyekezhijieshiruhuojieheguangaishiru。

  3.zhuifei

  zhuifeijianyi3―4ci, diyicizai3yuezhongxun―4yuezhongxunjianyishiyicixiaosuanangai(huo25-5-15xiaojifuhefei),shifeiliang30―45kg/mu;diercizai6yuezhongxunjianyishiyicipinghengxingfuhefeihuoshuirongxingfeiliao(15-15-15huoleisipeifang),shifeiliang30―45kg/mu;disancizai7yuezhongxundao8yuezhongxun,shifeileixingyigaojia(qiandihougao)peifangweizhu(ruqianqi16-6-26,houqi10-5-30,huoleisipeifang),shifeiliang25―30kg/mu,peifangheyongliangyaogenjuguoshidaxiaolinghuozhangwo,ruguogetougouda(ruhongfushizai7yuechudadao65―70、8yuechudadao70―75)zeyaojianshaodansubiliheyongliang,fouzekeshidangzengjia。

  (3)“有机肥+生草+配方肥+水肥一体化” 模式。

欧博体育   1.guoyuanshengcao

  guoyuanshengcaoyibanzaiguoshuxingjianjinxing,kerengongzhongzhi,yekeziranshengcaohourengongguanli。rengongzhongcaokexuanzegaoyangmao、heimaicao、zaoshuhe、maoyetiaoziheshumaocaodeng,bozhongshijianyi9yuezhongxunzuijia,zaoshuhe、gaoyangmaoheheimaicaoyekezaichunji3yuechubozhong。boshenweizhongzizhijingde2―3bei,turangshangqingyaohao,bohoupenshui2―3ci。ziranshengcaoguoyuanxingjianbujinxingzhonggengchucao,youmatang、bai、guangtoubai、gouweicaodengdangdiyouliangyeshengzacaoziranshengzhang,jishibachutuncao、xiancai、li、qingma、lvcaodengexingzacao。bulunrengongzhongcaohaishiziranshengcao,dangcaocaozhangdao30cm―40cmzuoyoushiyaojinxingyige,gehoubaoliu10cmzuoyou,gexiadecaofuyushupanxia,meinianyige2―3ci。

  2.jifei

欧博体育   jifeishiyongshijianhefangfatong“youjifei+peifangfeimoshi”。

  农家肥(腐熟的羊粪、牛粪等)1500 kg(约5方)/亩,或优质生物肥400 kg/亩,或饼肥150 kg/亩,或腐殖酸100 kg/亩,或黄腐酸100 kg/亩。土壤改良剂和中量元素、微量元素肥建议硅钙镁钾肥50―100kg/亩、硼肥1kg/亩左右、锌肥2kg/亩左右。复合肥建议采用高氮高磷中钾型复合肥或水溶肥,但在腐烂病发病重和黄土高原区域可采用平衡型如15-15-15(或类似配方)水溶性肥料或复合肥,用量50―75kg/亩。

欧博体育   3.shuifeiyitihua

欧博体育   muchan3000kgpingguoyuanshuifeiyitihuazhuifeiliangyibanwei: chundan(n)9―15kg,chunlin(p2o5)4.5―7.5kg,chunjia(k2o)10―17.5kg,geshiqidan、lin、jiashiyongbiliruxiabiao。

欧博体育 shengguoqipingguoshuguangaishifeijihua

苹果树使用水溶肥

欧博体育   zhu: duihuangtugaoyuandiqu,yingcaiyongjieshuiguangaimoshi,zongguanshuidingezai150-170 m3/mu,lingwaizaiyujiruguoturangshidukeyi,zeyongshaoliangshuijinjinshifeijike。

  (4)“有机肥+覆草+配方肥”模式。

欧博体育   1.guoyuanfucao

  guoyuanfucaodeshiyishiqi3yuezhongxundao4yuezhongxun。fugaicailiaoyindizhiyi,zuowujiegan、zacao、huashengqiaodengjunkecaiyong。fucaoqianyaoxianzhenghaoshupan,jiaoyibianshui,shiyicisuxiaodanfei(meimuyue5qianke)。fucaohouduyichangnianbaochizai15~20limiweiyi。fucaoshiyongyushanqiudi、shatudi,tucengbodedikuaixiaoguoyouqimingxian,niantudifucaoyouyuyishiguoyuanturangjishui、yinqiwangzhanghuolangen,buyicaiyong。lingwai,shuganzhouwei20limizuoyoubufucao,yifangjishuiyingxianggenjingtouqi。dongjijiaolengdiqushenqiufuyicicao,kebaohugenxianquanyuedong。fucaoguoyuanyaozhuyifanghuo。fengdadiqukelingxingzaicaoshangyatu、shikuai、mubangdengfangzhicaobeidafengchuizou。

  2.jifei

欧博体育   jifeishiyongzuishiyideshijianshi9yuezhongxundao10yuezhongxun,duiyuhongfushidengwanshupinzhong,kezaicaishouhoumashangjinxing、yuekuaiyuehao。

  nongjiafei(fushudeyangfen、niufendeng)1500qianke(yue5fang)/mu,huoyouzhishengwufei400qianke/mu,huobingfei150qianke/mu,huofuzhisuan100qianke/mu。turanggailiangjihezhongliangyuansufei、weiliangyuansufeijianyiguigaimeijiafei50~100qianke/mu、pengfei1qianke/muzuoyou、xinfei2qianke/muzuoyou。fuhefeijianyicaiyongpinghengxingru15-15-15(huoleisipeifangdeshuirongxingfeiliao),yongliang50~75qianke/mu。

欧博体育   jifeishiyongfangfaweigoushihuoxueshi。goushishigoukuan30 limizuoyou、zhangdu50 ~100limi、shen40 limizuoyou,fenweihuanzhuanggou、fangshezhuanggouyijizhu(xing)jiantiaogou。xueshishigenjushuguandaxiao,meizhushu4~6gexue,xuedezhijingheshenduwei30 limi~40 limi。meinianjiaohuanweizhiwaxue,xuedeyouxiaoqiwei3nian。shiyongshiyaojiangyoujifeidengyutuchongfenhunyun。

  3.zhuifei

欧博体育   zhuifeijianyi3~4ci,diyicizai3yuezhongxun~4yuezhongxunjianyishiyicixiaosuanangai(huo25-5-15xiaojifuhefei),shifeiliang25~50qianke/mu;diercizai6yuezhongxunjianyishiyicipinghengxingfuhefei(15-15-15huoleisipeifang),shifeiliang25~50qianke/mu;disancizai7yuezhongxundao8yuezhongxun,shifeileixingyigaojiapeifangfeiliaohuoshuirongxingfeiliaoweizhu(10-5-30huoleisipeifang),shifeiliang25~30qianke/mu,peifangheyongliangyaogenjuguoshidaxiaolinghuozhangwo,ruguogetougoudazeyaojianshaodansubiliheyongliang,fouzekeshidangzengjia。

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