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欧博体育

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叶面肥

农业农村部有机肥使用指导意见-蔬菜类

作者: 施瑞德水溶肥 时间: 2019-09-28 阅读量:

  2019nian9yue16ri,nongyenongcunbufabu“2019nianshucaiyoujifeitidaihuafeijishuzhidaoyijian”。nongyenongcunbuzhongzhiyeguanlisi、quanguonongyejishutuiguangfuwuzhongxin、nongyenongcunbukexueshifeizhuanjiazhidaozuzhenduisheshishucai,gongtichule4zhongzaipeimoshi。

  一、“有机肥+配方肥”模式。

欧博体育   1、sheshifanqie。

  (1)jifei

  移栽前,每亩基施猪粪、鸡粪、牛粪等经过充分腐熟的优质农家肥3-4方,或商品有机肥、有机水溶肥欧博体育(含生物有机肥)350-400千克,同时基施45%(18-18-9或相近配方)的配方肥30-40千克。

  (2)zhuifei

欧博体育   meicimeimuzhuishi45%(15-5-25huoxiangjinpeifang)depeifangfei6-10qianke,fen7-10cisuishuizhuishi。shifeishiqiweimiaoqi、kaihuazuoguoqi、guoshipengdaqi,genjushouhuoqingkuang,meishouhuo1-2cizhuishi1cifei。

  2、sheshihuanggua。

  (1)jifei

  yizaiqian,meimujishizhufen、jifen、niufendengjingguochongfenfushudeyouzhinongjiafei4-5fang,huoshiyongshangpinyoujifei、youjishuirongfei(hanshengwuyoujifei)400-450kg,tongshijishi45%(18-18-9huoxiangjinpeifang)depeifangfei40-50kg。

  (2)zhuifei

  meicimeimuzhuishi45%(17-5-23huoxiangjinpeifang)depeifangfei7-10kg。zhuifeishiqiweisanyeqi、chuguaqi、shengguaqi,chuhuaqiyikongweizhu,genjushouhuoqingkuangmeishouhuo1-2cizhuishi1cifei。qiudongchahedongchunchagongfen7-9cizhuifei,yuedongzhangchagongfen10-14cizhuifei。

欧博体育   3、sheshilajiao。

  (1)jifei

欧博体育   yizaiqian,meimujishizhufen、jifen、niufendengjingguochongfenfushudeyouzhinongjiafei2-3fang,huoshiyongshangpinyoujifei、youjishuirongfei(hanshengwuyoujifei)300-350kg,tongshijishi45%(18-18-9huoxiangjinpeifang)depeifangfei25-30kg。

  (2)zhuifei

欧博体育   meicimeimuzhuishi45%(15-5-25huoxiangjinpeifang)depeifangfei10-16kg,fen3-5cisuishuizhuishi。zhuifeishiqiweimiaoqi、kaihuazuoguoqi、guoshipengdaqi。genjushouhuoqingkuangmeishouhuo1-2cizhuishi1cifei。

欧博体育   4、sheshicaomei。

  (1)jifei

欧博体育   yizaiqian,meimujishizhufen、jifen、niufendengjingguochongfenfushudeyouzhinongjiafei1.5-2fang,huoshiyongshangpinyoujifei、youjishuirongfei(hanshengwuyoujifei)250-300kg,tongshijishi45%(14-16-15huoxiangjindepeifang)depeifangfei30-40kg。

  (2)zhuifei

欧博体育   miaoqihehuaqimeicimeimuzhuishi45%(15-15-15huoxiangjindepeifang)depeifangfei10-15kg,fen3-4cisuishuizhuishi。guoqimeicimeimuzhuishi45%(15-5-25huoxiangjinpeifang)depeifangfei8-10kg,fen6-8cisuishuizhuishi。

欧博体育   5、sheshixiguajitiangua。

  (1)jifei

  yizaiqian,meimujishizhufen、jifen、niufendengjingguochongfenfushudeyouzhinongjiafei2-3fang,huoshangpinyoujifei、youjishuirongfei(hanshengwuyoujifei)300-350kg,tongshijishi45%(21-12-12huoxiangjinpeifang)depeifangfei25-30kg。

  (2)zhuifei

欧博体育   zaishenmanzuoguaqi,meicimeimuzhuishi45%(20-5-20huoxiangjinpeifang)depeifangfei3-5kg,fen2-3cisuishuizhuishi;zaiguoshipengdaqi,meicimeimuzhuishi45%(15-5-25huoxiangjinpeifang)depeifangfei10-15kg,fen2-3cisuishuizhuishi。

滴灌水溶肥

  二、“菜-沼-畜”模式。

欧博体育   zhaozhazhaoyefajiao: jiangchuqinfenbian、shucaicanchahejiegandengwuliaotouruzhaoqifajiaochizhong,an1:10debilijiashuixishi,zaijiaruweishengwujunji,duichuqinfenbian、shucaicanchahejiegandengjinxingwuhaihuachulishengchanzhaoqi,chongfenfajiaohoudezhaozha、zhaoyezhijiezuoweiyoujifeishiyongzaisheshicaitianzhong。

  1、sheshifanqie。

  (1)jifei

欧博体育   meimushiyongzhaozha3.5-5fang,huoyongzhufen、jifen、niufendengjingguochongfenfushudeyouzhinongjiafei3-4fang,huoshangpinyoujifei、youjishuirongfei(hanshengwuyoujifei)350-400kg,tongshigenjuyoujifeiyongliang,jishi45%(14-16-15huoxiangjinpeifang)depeifangfei40-50kg。

  (2)zhuifei

  zaifanqiemiaoqi、chuhuaqi,jieheguangaifenbiechongshizhaoyemeimu0.5-1fang;zaizuoguoqiheguoshipengdaqi,jieheguangaijiangzhaoyehepeifangfeifen5-8cizhuishi。qizhongzhaoyemeicimeimuzhuishi0.5-1fang,45%(15-5-25huoxiangjinpeifang)depeifangfeimeicimeimushiyong5-8kg。

  2、sheshihuanggua。

  (1)jifei

欧博体育   meimushiyongzhaozha4-5.5fang,huoyongzhufen、jifen、niufendengjingguochongfenfushudeyouzhinongjiafei4-5fang,huoshangpinyoujifei、youjishuirongfei(hanshengwuyoujifei)400-450kg,tongshigenjuyoujifeiyongliang,jishi45%(14-16-15huoxiangjinpeifang)depeifangfei50-60kg

  (2)zhuifei

欧博体育   zaihuangguademiaoqi、chuhuaqi,jieheguangaifenbiechongshizhaoyemeimu0.5-1fang。zaichuguaqiheshengguaqi,jieheguangaijiangzhaoyehepeifangfeifen8-12cizhuishi。qizhongmeicimeimuzhuishizhaoye0.5-1fang、45%(17-5-23huoxiangjinpeifang)depeifangfei3-5kg。

  3、sheshilajiao。

  (1)jifei

欧博体育   meimushiyongzhaozha2.5-3fang,huoyongzhufen、jifen、niufendengjingguochongfenfushudeyouzhinongjiafei2-3fang,huoshangpinyoujifei、youjishuirongfei(hanshengwuyoujifei)300-350kg,tongshigenjuyoujifeiyongliang,jishi45%(14-16-15huoxiangjinpeifang)depeifangfei30-40kg。

  (2)zhuifei

  zailajiaomiaoqi、chuhuaqi,jieheguangaifenbiechongshizhaoyemeimu0.5-1fang;zaizuoguoqiheguoshipengdaqi,jieheguangaijiangzhaoyehepeifangfeifen3-5cizhuishi。qizhongzhaoyemeicimeimuzhuishi0.5-1fang、45%(15-5-25huoxiangjinpeifang)depeifangfeimeicimeimushiyong7-10kg。

  4、sheshicaomei。

  (1)jifei

  meimushiyongzhaozha2-2.5fang,huoyongzhufen、jifen、niufendengjingguochongfenfushudeyouzhinongjiafei1.5-2fang,huoshangpinyoujifei、youjishuirongfei(hanshengwuyoujifei)250-300kg,tongshigenjuyoujifeiyongliang,jishi45%(14-16-15huoxiangjindepeifang)depeifangfei30-40kg。

  (2)zhuifei

欧博体育   caomeimiaoqi、chuhuaqi,jieheguangaichongshizhaoyemeimu0.5-1fang,fen3-4cishiyong;guoshipengdaqi,jieheguangaijiangzhaoyehepeifangfeifen6-8cizhuishi,qizhongzhaoyemeicimeimuzhuishi3-4fang、45%(15-5-25huoxiangjinpeifang)depeifangfeimeicimeimushiyong6-8kg。

  5、sheshixiguahuotiangua。

  (1)jifei

欧博体育   meimushiyongzhaozha2.5-3fang,huoyongzhufen、jifen、niufendengjingguochongfenfushudeyouzhinongjiafei2-3fang,huoshangpinyoujifei、youjishuirongfei(hanshengwuyoujifei)300-350kg,tongshigenjuyoujifeiyongliang,jishi45%(21-12-12huoxiangjinpeifang)depeifangfei25-30kg。

  (2)zhuifei

  zaishenmanzuoguaqi,jieheguangaichongshizhaoye2-3ci,meicimeimu0.5-1fang;zaiguoshipengdaqi,jieheguangaijiangzhaoyehepeifangfeifen2-3cizhuishi。qizhongzhaoyemeicimeimuzhuishi0.5-1fang、45%(15-5-25huoxiangjinpeifang)depeifangfeimeicimeimushiyong12-15kg。

  三、“有机肥+水肥一体化”模式。

  1、sheshifanqie。

  (1)jifei

欧博体育   yizaiqianmeimujishizhufen、jifen、niufendengjingguochongfenfushudeyouzhinongjiafei3-4fang,huoshangpinyoujifei、youjishuirongfei(hanshengwuyoujifei)yongliang350-400kg,tongshigenjuyoujifeiyongliangjishi45%(18-18-9huoxiangjinpeifang)depeifangfei30-40kg。

  (2)zhuifei

欧博体育   dingzhihouqianliangcizhiguanshui,bushifei,guanshuiliangweimeimu15-20fang。miaoqimeicimeimutuijianshiyong50%(20-10-20huoxiangjinpeifang)deshuirongfei3-5kg,meige5-10tianguanshuishifeiyici,guanshuiliangweimeicimeimu10-15fang,gong3-5ci;kaihuazuoguoqiheguoshipengdaqimeicimeimushiyong54%(19-8-27huoxiangjinpeifang)gaojiaxingshuirongfei2-3.5kg,guanshuiliangweimeimu5-15fang,meige7-10tian1ci,gong10-15ci。

欧博体育   zhuyiqiudongchaqianqi(8zhi9yuefen)guanshuishifeipinlvjiaogao,erdongchunchazaiguoshipengdaqi(4zhi5yuefen)guanshuishifeipinlvjiaogao。

  2、sheshihuanggua。

  (1)jifei

  yizaiqian,meimujishizhufen、jifen、niufendengjingguochongfenfushudeyouzhinongjiafei4-5fang,huoshangpinyoujifei、youjishuirongfei(hanshengwuyoujifei)450-500kg,tongshigenjuyoujifeiyongliangjishi45%(18-18-9huoxiangjinpeifang)depeifangfei40-50kg。

  (2)zhuifei

  定植后前两次只灌水,不施肥,每次每亩灌水量为15-20方。苗期推荐配方为50%(20-10-20或相近配方)的水溶肥,每次每亩用量为3-5kg,每隔5-6天灌水施肥一次,每次每亩灌水量为10-15方,共3-5次;在开花坐果后,每次采摘结合灌溉施用配方为49%(18-6-25或相近配方)的水溶肥,每次每亩用量为3-5kg,每次每亩灌溉量为10-15方,共8-15次。

  3、sheshilajiao。

  (1)jifei

  yizaiqian,meimujishizhufen、jifen、niufendengjingguochongfenfushudeyouzhinongjiafei2-3fang,huoshangpinyoujifei、youjishuirongfei(hanshengwuyoujifei)300-350kg,tongshigenjuyoujifeiyongliangjishi45%(18-18-9huoxiangjinpeifang)depeifangfei25-30kg。

  (2)zhuifei

欧博体育   dingzhihouqianliangcizhiguanshui,bushifei,meicimeimuguanshuiliangwei15-20fang。miaoqi、chuhuaqituipeifangwei55%(21-10-24huoxiangjindepeifang)deshuirongfei,meicimeimuyongliangwei3-5kg,meige5-10tianguanshuishifeiyici,guanshuiliangweimeimu10-15fang,gong2-3ci;zaizuoguoqi、guoshipengdaqituijianpeifangjunwei51%(18-7-30huoxiangjindepeifang)deshuirongfei,meicimeimuyongliangwei6-10kg,meicimeimuguangailiangwei10-15fang,gong3-5ci。

  4、sheshicaomei。

  (1)jifei

欧博体育   yizaiqian,meimujishizhufen、jifen、niufendengjingguochongfenfushudeyouzhinongjiafei1.5-2fang,huoshangpinyoujifei、youjishuirongfei(hanshengwuyoujifei)250-300kg,tongshigenjuyoujifeiyongliangjishi45%(14-16-15huoxiangjindepeifang)depeifangfei30-40kg。

  (2)zhuifei

  dingzhihouqianliangcizhiguanshui,bushifei,meicimeimuguanshuiliangwei2-3fang。miaoqihehuaqituijianpeifangwei50%(24-8-18huoxiangjindepeifang)deshuirongfei,meicimeimuyongliangwei2-3kg,meige7-10tianguanshuishifeiyici,meicimeimuguanshuiliangwei2-3fang,gong5-7ci;zaiguoqituijianpeifangwei55%(18-6-31huoxiangjinpeifang)deshuirongfei,meicimeimuyongliangwei2-3kg,meige5-7tianguanshuishifeiyici,meicimeimuguanshuiliangwei1.5-2fang,gong25-30ci。

  5、sheshixigua、tiangua。

  (1)jifei

  yizaiqian,meimujishizhufen、jifen、niufendengjingguochongfenfushudeyouzhinongjiafei2-3fang,huoshangpinyoujifei、youjishuirongfei(hanshengwuyoujifei)300-350kg,tongshigenjuyoujifeiyongliangjishi45%(21-12-12huoxiangjindepeifang)depeifangfei25-30kg。

  (2)zhuifei

欧博体育   dingzhihouqianliangcizhiguanshui,bushifei,meicimeimuguanshuiliangwei2-3fang。zaishenmanzuoguaqi,tuijianpeifangwei50%(21-6-23huoxiangjindepeifang)deshuirongfei,meicimeimuyongliangwei2-3kg,meige7-10tianguanshuishifeiyici,meicimeimuguanshuiliangwei2-3fang,gong2-3ci;zaipengguoqi,tuijianpeifangwei52%(16-6-30huoxiangjinpeifang)deshuirongfei,meicimeimuyongliangwei8-10kg,meige5-7tianguanshuishifeiyici,meicimeimuguanshuiliangwei1.5-2fang,gong3-5ci。

  si、“jieganshengwufanyingdui”moshi。

欧博体育   jieganshengwufanyingduigoujian:

  1、caozuoshijian。

  wanqiu、dongji、zaochunjianxingxianeizhifanyingdui,ruguobushouchakouxianzhi,zuihaozaizuowudingzhiqian10-20tianzuohao,jiaoshui、dakongdaiyong。wanchunhezaoqiukexianjianxianyong。

欧博体育   2、 xingxianeizhishifanyingdui。

  zaixiaoxing(dingzhixing)weizhi,wayitiaolvekuanyuxiaoxingkuandu(yiban70cm)、shen20cmdegou,bajiegantianrugounei,puyun、tashi,tianfangjiegangaoduwei30cm,liangduanrangbufenjieganluchudimian(yiliyuwanggoulitongyangqi),ranhouba150-200kgbingfeiheyongmaifubanhaodejunzhongjunyundisazaijieganshang,zaiyongtiexianqingpaiyibian,rangbufenjunzhonglouruxiaceng,futu18-20cm。ranhouzaidaxingneijiaodashuishitoujiegan,shuimiangaodudadaolonggaodesifenzhisan。jiaoshui3-4tianhou,zailongshangyong14#gangjinda3xingkong,xingju20-25cm,kongju20cm,kongshenyichuantoujiegancengweizhun,dengdaidingzhi。

  3、xingjianneizhishifanyingdui。

  zaidaxingjian,wayitiaolvezhaiyuxiaoxingkuandu(yiban50-60cm)、shen15cmdegou,jiangtupeifanglongbeishang,huofangliangtou,batiqianzhunbeihaodejiegantianrugounei,puyun、tashi,gaoduwei25cm,nanbeiliangduanrangbufenjieganluchudimian,ranhoubayongmaifubanhaodejunzhongjunyundisazaijieganshang,zaiyongtiexianqingpaiyibian,rangbufenjunzhonglouruxiaceng,futu10cm。jiaoshuishitoujiegan,ranhoujishidakongjike。

欧博体育   4、 zhuyishixiang。

  yishijieganyongliangyaohejunzhongyongliangdapeihao,mei500kgjieganyongjunzhong1kg;

  ershijiaoshuishibuyaochongshihuaxuenongyao,tebieyaojinchongshajunji,danzuowushangkepennongyaoyufangbingchonghai;

  sanshijiaoshuijiaodaguanlixing,jiaoshuihou4-5tianyaojishidakong,yong14#gangjinmeige25cmdayigekong,yaodadaojiegandibu,jiaoshuihoukongbeidusiyaozaidakong,dimoshangyeyaodakong。meicidakongyaoyuqiancidadekongcuowei10cm,shengzhangqineibaochimeiyuedayicikong;

欧博体育   sishijianshaojiaoshuicishu,yibanchangguizaipeijiao2-3cishuide,yonggaixiangjishuzhijiaoyicishuijike。youtiaojiande,yongweiguankongshuizengchanxiaoguozuihao。zaidiyicijiaoshuishitoujiegandeqingkuangxia,dingzhishibuyaozaijiaodashui,zhijiaoxiaohuanmiaoshui。

欧博体育   shifeijianyi:

  1、 sheshifanqie。

  (1)jifei

  jifeicaiyongpeifangwei45%(18-18-9huoxiangjinpeifang)depeifangfei,meimuyongliangwei30-40kg,shiyongfangshiweixueshi。

  (2)zhuifei

欧博体育   zhuifeicaiyong45%(15-5-25huoxiangjinpeifang)depeifangfei,meicimeimushiyong6-10kg,fen7-10cisuishuizhuishi。shifeishiqiweimiaoqi、kaihuazuoguoqi、guoshipengdaqi,genjushouhuoqingkuang,meishouhuo1-2cizhuishi1cifei。

  2、 sheshihuanggua。

  (1)jifei

欧博体育   jifeicaiyongpeifangwei45%(18-18-9huoxiangjinpeifang)depeifangfei,meimuyongliangwei40-50kg,shiyongfangshiweixueshi。

  (2)zhuifei

  zhuifeipeifangwei45%(17-5-23huoxiangjindepeifang),meicimeimushiyong7-10kg,chuhuaqiyikongweizhu,qiudongchahedongchunchafen7-9cizhuifei,yuedongzhangchafen10-14cizhuifei。zhuifeishiqiweisanyeqi、chuguaqi、shengguaqi,shengguaqigenjushouhuoqingkuangmeishouhuo1-2cizhuishi1cifei。

欧博体育   3、 sheshilajiao。

  (1)jifei

  jifeicaiyongpeifangwei45%(18-18-9huoxiangjinpeifang)depeifangfei,meimuyongliangwei25-30kg,shiyongfangshiweixueshi。

  (2)zhuifei

欧博体育   zhuifeipeifangwei45%(15-5-25huoxiangjindepeifang)depeifangfei,meicimeimushiyong10-16kg,fen3-5cisuishuizhuishi。zhuifeishiqiweimiaoqi、kaihuazuoguoqi、guoshipengdaqi,genjushouhuoqingkuang,meishouhuo1-2cizhuishi1cifei。

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